The Constitution calls for the United States of America to be a republic, and for its government to be divided into three separate and distinct branches, each equal in power, so that no single branch can ever come to dominate the others and seize power over the entire country.
There were good reasons for this: the first is obvious if you just understand our country’s name.
The name “The United States of America” isn’t just something made-up to sound good or to refer to something in antiquity; the men who chose it did so because that’s precisely what their new country was intended to be: A group of hitherto independent states (read “countries”, like all the separate and independent duchies and principalities that were later joined to form Germany or Italy) united into a single political organism, originally for the purpose of gaining its independence from England, and then to proceed as a single sovereign nation. “E pluribus unum” – “Out of many, one” – is not only our country’s motto, but also its best descriptor.
The second reason for separating the branches of government followed directly from the first: Each of the former colonies – the independent states that formed the new country – had its own history; its own laws; its own economy; and its own way of doing things, and none was willing to lose its identity to the new structure. For that reason, the Constitution was written to affirm the union of all and to define that union’s new corporate identity, but always and only in a way that would guarantee that the old individual identities could never be superseded by the whole except in ways strictly predefined and agreed to by the States in advance.
Doing that meant three things: Spelling out exactly what the new federal government could do; spelling out exactly what it could not do; and then tying both together with a Tenth Amendment to the Constitution that said, clearly and simply: “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”
It also meant a lot of other things, like having Congress made up of two Houses – one based on population and the other where all States would be represented equally herbal ativan buy ativan mexico buy ativan india . And like not having a popular vote for President, but an “Electoral College” to do the final selection. Those two things and others were intended to protect the smaller States from the possible tyranny of the larger ones, and that same intent to protect the system from takeover by any one powerful bloc was the reason for allocating the power of the federal government among three independent and co-equal branches: the Legislative, the Judicial, and the Executive.
Put most simply, the principal purpose of dividing power up that way was so that no one branch could act without at least the tacit approval of both of the others: Congress (the Legislative Branch buy ambien paypal buy ambien online canada buy ambien usa ) could pass laws and approve the spending of money, but could neither declare its own actions legal nor effect and enforce them. The Presidency and its Administration (the Executive Branch) could enforce laws, buy valium online could neither create them, allocate the money to pay for them, nor give them legal sanction. And the Courts (the Judicial Branch) – especially the Supreme Court – could rule on the legality of the laws passed by Congress or on the acts of the Executive Branch, but could neither write new laws nor effect, enforce nor pay for any action of their own.
That was the way it was. Now Obama has made everything different buy valium in uk buy valium online usa buy valium us .
Since George Washington, it has been customary for a President to have appointed specialists – his “cabinet” Secretaries to be his deputies for specific functions: Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, etc. These Secretaries have always been nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate as part of the Senate’s “advice and consent” responsibilities.
Presidents have had other advisors, too. FDR, for example had twelve “special advisors” who under his administration came to be known as “Czars.” Even Dubya had some, but Obama, with more than forty, has set a new record and is well on the way to creating his own private “shadow government” of special functionaries – people appointed directly by him without Senate review or approval, responsible only to him. and apparently loyal only to him, to do whatever he sees fit.
Besides Czars, Obama has under his personal control, through his cabinet Secretaries, all of the departments and agencies of the Executive Branch. Executive agencies can’t make laws, but between their ability to impose and enforce administrative rulings, Obama’s own ability, as President, to issue Executive Orders, and the power of large majorities of Obama’s Party in both Houses of Congress intent on forwarding his agenda, Obama has more power than many of his predecessors might ever have imagined possible.
There are still, because of congressional Republicans’ fortunate willingness to be anathematized as “the Party of No” and because of the Constitution, itself, some restrictions on Obama’s ability to seize and exercise power. Even so, as Supreme Court Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes said in 1907, “…the Constitution is what the judges say it is.” If Obama can just find a way to make Congress unnecessary and find a way to dominate the judiciary, Obama Rex could become a reality.
In fact, it’s already happening. The EPA announced, some while ago, it’s ability and willingness to enforce de facto Cap and Trade, one of Obama’s keystone policies, by administrative fiat tramadol online usa how to buy tramadol online order tramadol online . And, just recently announced, the Citizenship and Immigration Services division under the Department of Homeland Security has already worked out procedures that could provide de facto Comprehensive Immigration Reform –another of Obama’s target policies – also by administrative fiat. And to address the “problem” of Congress being the sole source of government financing under the Constitution, the recently passed Dodd-Frank Financial Reform Bill seems to contain, secreted among its thousands of pages, a never-ending “slush fund”, ostensibly for the bailout of troubled companies or financial institutions WITHOUT THE NEED FOR APPROVAL BY CONGRESS, that might be usable by Obama’s Administrator as a bottomless fund to make Congress’ control of the pursestrings of government effectively meaningless.
If that’s true, all Obama needs before he can ring in the death of the republic and a new era of total power concentrated in the Presidency is for one of the Supreme Court’s conservative justices to retire, die of natural causes, or have a terrible accident. Obama will then appoint a fifth progressive justice to cheap tramadol the balance of the Court. This will give him a judicial majority and much more: With the Judiciary Branch under his effective control; the Legislative Branch neutralized or made irrelevant, and the Executive Branch his personal property, the Constitution will have been defeated and of the three branches of government, only one will remain.
E pluribus unum – Out of many, one. Hail Obama Rex!
Be afraid. Be very afraid!